Methodology

When reviewing companies’ reporting, we use the following approach:

  • Each question in the UNGP Reporting Framework is divided into key phrases (‘tag words’) that reflect distinct types of information a company could disclose that would be relevant to answering that question. These tag words reflect the ‘relevant information’ section under each question in the UNGP Reporting Framework.
  • We then compare information reported via the company’s website to those tag words. This includes information in any annual, sustainability or other report, policies or procedures, or other relevant information that is accessible via the company’s website.
  • We provide excerpts from the company materials that are relevant to any tag words, making clear the particular source from which the excerpt is drawn and the location in that source.
  • Where no reported information is available in relation to particular tag words, the corresponding fields in the Database are left blank. This does not necessarily imply a gap in reporting, as not all types of information are equally relevant to all companies. That said, an absence of information for most or all tag words under a single Reporting Framework question, or an absence of information for all questions in a entire section of the Reporting Framework, are likely to reflect a weakness in disclosure.
  • We evaluate companies’ reporting on an annual basis. Each year’s review is entered in the database under a different year. Users may select which year(s) of a company’s reporting they want to see. From year to year, companies’ previous disclosure is not repeated, unless the disclosure is relevant to ongoing activities (e.g., human rights policy, a guide for suppliers on human rights, ongoing training programmes, ongoing approaches to stakeholder engagement). To have a complete picture of a company’s activities on human rights, it may be helpful to select to view all years of its disclosure. This also helps users see if a company improves over time.
  • The UNGP Reporting Framework asks companies to focus their human rights reporting on their salient human rights issues: those human rights at risk of the most severe negative impact through the company’s activities and business relationships. Where a company has focused its reporting on certain human rights issues, but has not indicated that these were identified based on their salience, we have accepted this focus but included an editor’s note that it is unclear whether they are salient issues.
  • All excerpts related to questions in Part C of the Reporting Framework are tagged to the focal human rights issues (salient or otherwise) identified by the company. The full list of issues appears in the column to the right of each excerpt. The issue(s) that are relevant to each excerpt appear in black text, while the others are in grey text.
  • Companies use different terms for human rights and related issues. We retain the company’s term in its list of focal/salient issues. For the purpose of searching the Database, we group these under more standard human rights terms. See the list of standard terms and their alternative names below.
  • Where ambiguous situations arise we apply a standard set of rules, developed on the basis of our experience implementing this methodology, to determine what information should be included in the Database and where.
  • Philanthropic initiatives or other initiatives that may promote or support human rights are not included unless the company explains how they are part of a strategy to address risks to human rights associated with its core business.
  • Editor’s notes are included only where essential to provide context or clarity and are indicated with brackets [ ].

List of standard terms for salient issues and company alternatives
Standard terms are bold; company alternatives are in the bulleted list.

CHILD LABOUR
alternative terms used by companies:

  • EMPLOYEES ARE AGE 16 OR OLDER
  • CHILD AND FORCED LABOUR
  • CHILD LABOUR IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN
  • FORCED LABOUR AND CHILD EXPLOITATION

CHILDREN’S RIGHTS (GENERAL)
alternative terms used by companies:

  • YOUTH TOBACCO PREVENTION
  • CHILD PROTECTION

COMMUNITY RIGHTS
alternative terms used by companies:

  • CULTURAL HERITAGE
  • COMMUNITIES
  • LOCAL COMMUNITIES
  • LIVELIHOODS AND COMMUNITY
  • LAND AND COMMUNITY RIGHTS
  • RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS AND LOCAL COMMUNITIES

CONFLICT MINERALS
alternative terms used by companies

  • RESPONSIBLE SOURCING OF RAW MATERIALS

DISCRIMINATION AND HARASSMENT
alternative terms used by companies:

  • WORKPLACE DISCRIMINATION
  • NON-DISCRIMINATION
  • DIVERSITY
  • NO DISCRIMINATION
  • DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION
  • HARASSMENT AND ABUSE
  • DISCRIMINATION
  • HARASSMENT
  • NON-DISCRIMINATION AND PREVENTING HARASSMENT
  • INCLUSIVE WORK ENVIRONMENT
  • COERCION AND HARASSMENT
  • ANTI-DISCRIMINATION AND ANTI-HARASSMENT
  • VALUING DIVERSITY (INCLUDES HARASSMENT & DISCRIMINATION)
  • HARSH OR INHUMANE TREATMENT
  • DIVERSITY AND EQUALITY
  • HARASSMENT AND BULLYING
  • FAIR TREATMENT IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN
  • WORKPLACE INTEGRITY
  • FREEDOM FROM HARASSMENT
  • DIVERSITY AND EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY
  • DIVERSITY AND NON-DISCRIMINATION
  • DIVERSITY AND EQUAL EMPLOYMENT
  • NON DISCRIMINATORY TREATMENT
  • ANTI-HARASSMENT
  • ANTI-HARASSMENT AND DISCRIMINATION
  • HARASSMENT AND DISCRIMINATION
  • EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY
  • INCLUSIVE WORKPLACE
  • ANTI-HARASSMENT AND VIOLENCE
  • EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
  • EQUAL OPPORTUNITY AND NON-DISCRIMINATION
  • HARASSMENT AND VIOLENCE
  • SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND VIOLENCE
  • WORKPLACE DIVERSITY
  • EQUAL OPPORTUNITY

ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT IN FINANCE ACTIVITIES
alternative terms used by companies:

  • RESPONSIBLE FINANCING
  • RESPONSIBLE FINANCE AND INVESTING

FOOD SECURITY

FORCED LABOUR
alternative terms used by companies:

  • COMPULSORY LABOUR
  • VOLUNTARY EMPLOYMENT
  • VOLUNTARY LABOUR
  • FORCED LABOUR AND FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT
  • FORCED LABOR & HUMAN TRAFFICKING
  • HUMAN TRAFFICKING
  • SLAVERY AND FORCED LABOUR
  • SLAVE LABOUR
  • EXPLOITATION OF LABOUR
  • CHILD AND FORCED LABOUR
  • FORCED LABOUR IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN
  • FORCED LABOUR AND CHILD EXPLOITATION
  • HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND SLAVERY
  • FORCED OR BONDED LABOUR
  • FORCED AND BONDED LABOUR

FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
alternative terms used by companies:

  • FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION
  • THIRD PARTY REPRESENTATION
  • DEMOCRATIC PARTICIPATION OF EMPLOYEES
  • FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN

FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION

HEALTH AND SAFETY
alternative terms used by companies:

  • SAFETY AND HEALTH
  • SAFE WORKPLACES
  • SAFETY
  • HEALTHY AND SAFE WORKPLACE
  • SAFE AND HEALTHY WORKPLACE
  • WORKPLACE SAFETY AND HEALTH
  • SAFE AND HYGIENIC WORKING CONDITIONS
  • WORKPLACE SECURITY
  • WORKERS’ ACCOMMODATION AND BASIC NEEDS
  • JUST AND FAVORABLE CONDITIONS OF WORK AND SAFETY
  • RIGHT TO HEALTH AND AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING
  • SAFE WORK ENVIRONMENT IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN
  • WORKPLACE SAFETY
  • TOBACCO HARM REDUCTION
  • PRODUCT RESPONSIBILITY
  • PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT AND MARKETING
  • SAFETY AND SECURITY
  • HEALTH AND WELLNESS
  • OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
  • HEALTH, SAFETY AND WELLBEING
  • EMPLOYEE HEALTH
  • HEALTHY AND SAFE WORK ENVIRONMENT
  • OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH

HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN
alternative terms used by companies:

  • COMPANY AND SUPPLIERS LABOUR STANDARDS
  • SOURCE RESPONSIBLY
  • SUPPLY CHAINS
  • SUPPLY CHAIN HUMAN RIGHTS
  • SUPPLIER STANDARDS
  • SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

INDIGENOUS PEOPLE’S RIGHTS
alternative terms used by companies:

  • INDIGENOUS RIGHTS
  • INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
  • INDIGENOUS ISSUES AND RIGHTS
  • INDIGENOUS AND TRIBAL PEOPLES
  • INDIGENOUS INCLUSION
  • ABORIGINAL COMMUNITIES
  • RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS AND LOCAL COMMUNITIES

LABOUR RIGHTS (GENERAL)
alternative terms used by companies:

  • LABOUR CONDITIONS
  • WORKING CONDITIONS
  • WORKERS’ RIGHTS
  • HUMANE WORKING CONDITIONS
  • EMPLOYEES’ RIGHTS AND INTERESTS
  • FAIR TREATMENT OF EMPLOYEES
  • WORKPLACE RIGHTS
  • LABOR STANDARDS
  • JUST AND FAVORABLE CONDITIONS OF WORK AND SAFETY
  • WORKPLACE INTEGRITY
  • EMPLOYEES’ RIGHTS
  • TREATMENT OF EMPLOYEES AND OTHERS
  • RESPECTABLE EMPLOYMENT
  • EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES
  • WORKING AND LIVING CONDITIONS
  • FAIR AND TRANSPARENT WORKING CONDITIONS

LAND RIGHTS
alternative terms used by companies:

  • LAND USE/RELOCATION
  • LAND USE AND RESETTLEMENT
  • LAND ACQUISITION
  • ACCESS TO LAND
  • LAND TENURE
  • LAND TENURE RIGHTS
  • LAND AND COMMUNITY RIGHTS
  • LAND TENURE AND FREE, PRIOR AND INFORMED CONSENT (FPIC)
  • FREE, PRIOR AND INFORMED CONSENT (FPIC)

MIGRANT LABOUR 
alternative terms used by companies:

  • MIGRANT WORKERS

ONLINE SAFETY
alternative terms used by companies:

  • ONLINE SAFETY AND PROTECTION OF VULNERABLE POPULATIONS

PRIVACY
alternative terms used by companies:

  • PRIVACY AND DATA SECURITY
  • CUSTOMERS’ INTERESTS AND DATA SECURITY
  • ONLINE SECURITY
  • INFORMATION SECURITY
  • CONSUMER RIGHTS AND PERSONAL DATA SECURITY
  • DATA PROTECTION
  • CLIENT PRIVACY AND SECURITY
  • CUSTOMERS’ PERSONAL INFORMATION
  • CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

RIGHT TO ADEQUATE HOUSING
alternative terms used by companies:

  • WORKER HOUSING

RIGHT TO WATER AND SANITATION
alternative terms used by companies:

  • ACCESS TO WATER
  • WATER AND SANITATION
  • RIGHT TO WATER
  • WATER MANAGEMENT

SECURITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
alternative terms used by companies:

  • SECURITY
  • RISK OF MISUSE OF FORCE

TEMPORARY WORK
alternative terms used by companies:

  • REGULAR EMPLOYMENT

WAGES
alternative terms used by companies:

  • WAGE AND HOUR
  • WORKING HOURS AND COMPENSATION/ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING
  • FAIR WAGES
  • LIVING WAGE
  • WAGES AND BENEFITS
  • COMPENSATION
  • FAIR LIVING WAGE
  • WORKING HOURS AND WAGES
  • RIGHT TO HEALTH AND AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING
  • WAGE AND HOUR COMPLIANCE
  • FAIR REMUNERATION
  • WAGES, BENEFITS AND WORKING HOURS
  • INCOME AND WORK HOURS IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN
  • MINIMUM WAGES
  • MINIMUM WAGE AND WORKING HOURS

WOMEN’S RIGHTS
alternative terms used by companies:

  • GENDER
  • SEXUAL HARASSMENT, VIOLENCE AND ABUSE, AND REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS

WORKING HOURS
alternative terms used by companies:

  • WAGE AND HOUR
  • NON-EXCESSIVE WORKING HOURS
  • REASONABLE WORKING HOURS AND OVERTIME
  • HOURS OF WORK
  • WORKING HOURS AND COMPENSATION/ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING
  • WORKING TIME
  • WORKING HOURS AND WAGES
  • WAGE AND HOUR COMPLIANCE
  • WAGES, BENEFITS AND WORKING HOURS
  • INCOME AND WORK HOURS IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN
  • MINIMUM WAGE AND WORKING HOURS

Updating Company Data

We evaluate companies’ reporting on an annual basis. Each year’s review is entered in the database under a different year. Users may select which year(s) of a company’s reporting they want to see. From year to year, companies’ previous disclosure is not repeated, unless the disclosure is relevant to ongoing activities (e.g., human rights policy, a guide for suppliers on human rights, ongoing training programmes, ongoing approaches to stakeholder engagement). To have a complete picture of a company’s activities on human rights, it may be helpful to select to view all years of its disclosure. This also helps users see if a company improves over time.

Companies that have recently released significant new disclosure related to human rights (e.g., a new annual report) are welcome to alert the project team by writing to us at info[at]ungpreporting.org.

The month and year of the last review of a company’s disclosure is listed on each company’s page. 

Consultations With Companies

We consult with all companies that appear in the Reporting Database prior to publication of their disclosure in this database. These companies are given four weeks to review our findings and we welcome conversations with companies to clarify if we have missed any important disclosure. These conversations are also an opportunity to talk about what meaningful reporting on human rights looks like as expected by the UN Guiding Principles.

For additional questions about corporate disclosure related to human rights and how the UNGP Reporting Framework works, please visit our FAQ page on the UNGP Reporting Framework.